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Solar Thermal Technology (Page 1/2)

A number of solar thermal applications have been developed in India, which include water/air heating, cooking, drying of agricultural and food products, water purification, detoxification of wastes, cooling and refrigeration, heat for industrial processes, and electric power generation. Most of the solar thermal devices and systems are manufactured in India. Evacuated tube collectors (ETC) used in one of the configurations of solar water heating systems are imported and marketed in the country by the solar thermal industry. The major opportunities for American firms are solar thermal (high-temperature) power generation systems and energy efficient buildings utilizing solar energy concepts.

Other major renewable energy initiatives include:

(1) installation of 1 million household solar water heating systems,
(2) electrification by renewable mini-grids of 24,000 villages without electricity,
(3) deployment of 5 million solar lanterns and 2 million solar home lighting systems,
(4) establishment of an additional 3 million small biogas plants.

The integrated Indian energy policy set the ambitious goal of a 25 percent reduction in energy intensity from current levels. Within mining, electricity generation, transmission and distribution, water pumping, industrial production processes, building design, construction, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, and household appliances, energy efficiency can play a key role. Nearly 25,000 MW of capacity creation through energy efficiency in the electricity sector alone have been estimated in India. The energy conservation potential for the economy as a whole has been assessed at 23 percent, with maximum potential in the industrial and agricultural sectors.

The target areas identified by the Board of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in which to achieve energy efficiency include:

Indian industry program for energy conservation;
Demand-side management;
Standards and labeling program;
Energy efficiency in buildings and establishments;
Energy conservation building codes;
Professional certification and accreditation;
Manuals and codes;
Energy efficiency policy research program;
School education;
Delivery mechanisms for energy efficiency services.

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