Energy Private Limited
Biomass consists of plant and plant type materials which are
available as agricultural residues from various sources like
rice, sugarcane, wheat , switch grass etc. Biomass can either
be used directly as fuel to generate energy or it can be processed
into green fuel which can then be used to generate energy. This
technology is also termed as waste-to-energy technology since
it utilises the wastes to generate energy directly or indirectly.
Large scale waste-to-energy systems are capable of providing
not only energy but also provide heating for various purposes.
Biomass Fuels are divided into two categories:
Liquid Fuel and Gel Fuel. Liquid Biomass Fuels are utilised
by either switching it with fossil fuel or the other way to
use it is by mixing it with the fossil fuel. Biomass fuels are
known to add to the carbon footprint, however it is a negligible
addition. Care needs to be taken when biomass fuel is generated
for the sustainability and productivity of the land used. This
is required since the main source for biomass energy is agricultural
residues, if care is not taken for this then this resource will
not be available in the future for our use.
Biomass Technology can be used for Heat Generation,
Electrical Power Generation, Steam Production, Biodiesel –
used in transport vehicles and also as ethanol. There are two
ways to convert biomass : First method is to use fermentation
and the other method is by pyrolisis, combustion or similar
India has the ability to manufacture the machinery
or equipment needed to put in place for the process of utilising
biomass. There are many plants already installed for biomass
generation in India in various states which are already operational.
India has already achieved excellence in atmospheric gasifiers
technology. Indian manufacturers of these technologies make
the installation and setup costs of these plants very cost effective.
The waste-to-energy technology is recently developed and thus
requires more research to make it more efficient.
There is still a long way to go to make a sizable
chunk of energy requirement to be fulfilled by this technology.
Bioenergy has the potential in India to become a major contributor
to the energy generation market, since the resources required
for bioenergy are available in abundance in India.
There is a need to incorporate technological
modifications in the equipments so that these equipments/ machinery
are compatible with these resources. There are a variety of
resources made available by using biomass, however these resources
are not utilised properly due to lack of compatible equipment.
This makes the usage of these resources very inefficient and
we end up wasting a lot of it in the process. The transport
engines need a modification so that they can use biodiesel (a
fuel generated by biomass) efficiently. Similarly many other
chemicals generated from biomass require technology modification
for utilisation properly.